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What Is the Development History of Denim in Recent Years

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What Is the Development History of Denim in Recent Years 1

In the 1980s, the denim production of the United States accounted for 50% of the global production, but in the recent decade, China, India, Pakistan, Malaysia, Turkey and Mexico have established a large number of denim production plants. The denim production focus of the United States and even the world has shifted to low-cost countries in Asia. In 2000, China's Denim output was about 2424t, and the imported indigo dye was 759t. In 2001, its output had increased to 2717t, and the imported indigo dye decreased to 702t. In the denim market, although cotton is undoubtedly the most important, a series of blended fabrics are also used, such as cotton / polyester (50 / 50) blended fabrics, and cotton is woven with other fibers such as Tencel, flax, even jute and wool yarns. These denim products are different from many products in the denim market. They give consumers a high level of product design and high value-added clothing. The use of mercerized elastic denim and ring spinning yarn can also enhance the value of products, and some companies have invested in these fields. Ring spinning yarn has higher strength, soft handle and the appearance of a coarse yarn on the surface of cotton denim. At present, the global production of denim is more than 2 billion meters, including rotor spun or ring spun yarn. In the past, the United States mainly produced weft elastic denim, while Europe mostly used warp elastic or warp weft two-way elastic denim; Now, people are constantly developing denim with fashion changes to obtain novel appearance, feel and performance through dyeing and finishing. Heavy cotton denim has been used as the fabric of trousers and jackets, but in the 1990s, consumers put forward higher requirements for the softness, comfort and easy care of the fabric, so denim finishers must respond to these requirements. The research on changing the appearance of denim through various chemical treatments and the effects of using such as flocking, embroidery and coating continues. In addition, the products developed include indigo dyed jacquard fabrics, linen and cotton woven or knitted fabrics, as well as laser wisps on denim, dim gloss patterns, and more personalized products. Overview of chemical fiber fabrics in China, I'm afraid no one agrees that the performance of chemical fiber fabrics is better than natural fiber fabrics. But in developed countries, the view is just the opposite: most consumers believe that chemical fiber fabrics have superior performance in comfort, functionality and high sensibility.

Comfort: from simulation to super realityChemical fiber has three advantages in the early stage of development:First, it is strong and durable;

Second, it is easy to take care of and has the characteristics of anti wrinkle and non ironing;Third, large-scale industrial production can be carried out, unlike natural fiber occupying land, time-consuming and laborious processing and limited output.However, these traditional advantages of chemical fiber are no longer "scenery".

First, nowadays people pay attention to comfort and fashion. With the change of consumption concept, the durability of chemical fiber has become useless;Second, with the development of textile technology, natural fibers can also have easy care properties after finishing;Third, people have realized that oil resources are non renewable, and the chemical fiber industry developed by relying on oil resources will face the disaster of "topping" one day.

What Is the Development History of Denim in Recent Years 2

When the traditional advantages are no longer beautiful, the weaknesses of chemical fiber such as poor moisture absorption, poor comfort and poor hand feel are highlighted. Therefore, starting with the comfort of natural fiber and taking natural fiber as the "blueprint", the simulation transformation of chemical fiber has become the driving force to promote the progress of chemical fiber technology.

The most typical example is the progress of polyester imitation silk technology. At the beginning, scientists and technicians imitated the triangular section of real silk and the size of real silk to make polyester silk. The woven fabric was not like real silk because it produced aurora. Therefore, through the use of matting agent, the "alkali reduction method" was invented to treat the surface of polyester fiber, so that the appearance of polyester silk like fabric is very similar to that of real silk. Then, through the use of microfiber technology, the scientific and technological personnel make the hand feel of polyester simulated silk fabric consistent with that of real silk. Through the use of plasma technology and laser technology, polyester fabric can also give out the same "Silk sound" as real silk when rubbing. So far, after several generations of evolution, polyester silk like technology has finally reached a relatively perfect level. However, the scientific and technological personnel are not satisfied. The polyester imitation silk technology has developed from simulation to super reality. Through the formation of grooves on the fiber surface, the moisture absorption of chemical fiber is better than that of natural fiber; By means of chemical graft copolymerization, the hygroscopic property of polyester fiber itself is improved hundreds of times, even higher than that of natural fibers such as cotton and silk. As a result, the appearance and feel are completely the same as that of real silk, but the comfort, playability and freshness of dyeing all exceed that of real silk. In Japan, the price of kimonos made of super simulated chemical fiber is much higher than that of real silk kimonos.

Functionality: new advantages of chemical fiberIn the long process of human development, there are only a few or more kinds of natural fibers found and truly utilized. When mankind entered the era of chemical fiber, hundreds of new varieties of chemical fiber were invented in just a hundred years.As a man-made polymer, the functionality of chemical fiber can be designed in advance in the production process. For example, adding antibacterial agent to make it have antibacterial function; Add mineral powder to make it have low radiation function or far-infrared radiation function. This is obviously easier, more economical and more effective than transforming natural fibers.

In addition to giving new functions to chemical fiber conveniently in design and production, the characteristics and characteristics of chemical fiber self polymer also have functional factors. For example, the macromolecular structure of acrylic fiber is very stable and has the ability to resist ultraviolet radiation. In addition, acrylic fiber adopts cationic dyeing, which not only has fresh color, but also has high sun fastness. Therefore, acrylic fabric is used as sun shading products, and its functionality and practicability are brought into full play.Similarly, the wear resistance of nylon makes it widely used in sports clothing, the high strength of para aramid makes it used in bulletproof clothing, and the high temperature resistance of nylon and hetero para aramid makes them widely used as flame retardant products.High sensibility: the personalized direction of chemical fiber

Fundamentally speaking, natural fiber is the product of natural selection, so it has a comprehensive nature. That is, if a fiber is comprehensively evaluated from all aspects, no chemical fiber can compare with natural fiber, but from the local index evaluation, the performance of many chemical fiber varieties exceeds that of natural fiber.

With the improvement of people's living standards, the consumption requirements for textiles are also changing. It is often said in the industry that wearing comfort is the synthesis of a series of specific technical indicators. For example, tactility includes the softness, drapability, pressure contact, thermal contact, cold contact and other aspects of textiles. With the development of textile material science, the technical indexes of fiber are required to be more and more detailed. For example, there are a series of technical indexes related to fiber strength, such as elastic modulus, rapid elastic deformation, slow elastic deformation, tensile strength, shear strength, tensile strength and so on. It is found that if the molecular weight, degree of polymerization, degree of orientation, size, section shape and length of chemical fiber are changed, the physical and chemical properties of fiber can be changed. Therefore, the so-called differentiated chemical fiber will stand out and become the development direction of chemical fiber.

In view of the changes in the textile consumption market, the Japanese textile industry calls differentiated fibers highly sensitive fibers. In fact, it is to design and produce a series of chemical fibers with outstanding local advantages, and then use modern textile processing technology to learn from each other's strengths and make up for their weaknesses, so as to produce all kinds of textiles with comprehensive properties exceeding natural fibers. The development direction of Japanese chemical fiber industry has been recognized by consumers all over the world, so the differentiation rate of Japanese chemical fiber products has long been as high as more than 40%. Classification of chemical fiber fabrics chemical fiber refers to the fiber made of natural or artificial polymer materials.

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It would be irresponsible if the cowboy industry stagnated under the condition of continuous innovation in other industries," Atwood saidEnvironmental cost of denim fabricDenim is everywhere, but it is very harmful to the ecological environment. According to Greenpeace, 1.7 million tons of chemicals are needed to produce 2 billion pairs of jeans a year, and the water consumption of each pair of jeans is as high as 7000 litres.The measures to solve this problem are led by emerging enterprises directly facing consumers such as everlane and transformation. They believe that sustainability is the key to their DNA and a big difference from traditional brands. But traditional enterprises are also changing.Levi's, for example, focuses on significantly reducing water consumption in the production of denim fabrics. In terms of retail value, the company is the best-selling jeans brand in the world. The company's goal is that by 2020, 80% of its products will be produced by technology with water saving up to 96%. At present, 67% of its products will be produced by this method.In order to greatly improve efficiency, Levi has set their own water use goals for key suppliers according to the local water shortage. According to world resourcesAccording to the data of the Institute, India and Pakistan are the locations of several denim fabric factories, and they are also one of the countries with high risk of water shortage crisis. Michael Levi, global vice president for sustainable development"This will save a lot of water for areas that need more water in the short term," Kobori said. 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Our goal is to redefine the sustainability of clothing and let customers make sustainable purchases without worry."The efforts of these companies have also been recognized. In 2018, Levi's "change the world" in Fortune magazineIt ranks 37th on the world list for its contribution to sustainable development, which recognizes companies that have a positive impact on society. In Barron's annual ranking of more sustainable U.S. companies, PVH group (clothing group) jumped to No. 12, after ranking No. 37.Return on investment from sustainable developmentResearch shows that sustainable supply chains can improve profits: global fashion agenda and Boston Consulting GroupA report released by consulting group in 2018 shows that the potential savings and efficiency obtained through sustainable operation can increase the profit margin of the enterprise by 1 to 2 percentage points by 2030.Tommy Hilfiger of PVH group launched a permanent 100% sustainable denim series in 2019. 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How to Choose Denim for Tooling
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Popular Myth of Denim Fashion
Popular Myth of Denim Fashion
This paper introduces the popular myth of denim fashion in detail, and arranges the special information of denim for your reference.Denim has a history of one hundred years. It is a century old classic and insurmountable. Denim came out in the United States in the middle of the fourth century and has been popular for nearly ten years now! 5 () years ago, Fengmo global factory is still popular with consumers all over the world because cowboy clothing has the advantages of nature, simplicity, chic, ruggedness, easygoing and practicality. Young men and women take jeans as fashion, and even carry bags, shoes and hats also use jeans. So why is denim so popular? Let's take a look at the popular myth of denim with us.In today's market, denim is still favored by people for its ever-changing fabric color, variety, style and unique charm. The main performances are as follows: first, the fabrics are constantly updated: today's denim fabrics have changed. In addition to the traditional 100% cotton denim fabrics, there are many materials such as indigo solid tweed, cotton high count combed fabrics, silk denim, cotton tendons and gorgeous ultra-thin denim. These fabrics feel soft, smooth and comfortable, and have good sweat absorption and air permeability. 2 Colorful styles: compared with the relatively single style of jeans in previous years, the current jeans have been colorful in style, with simple cutting, slim waist, fit or loose and casual, and pay attention to the excellent workmanship of subtle points such as neckline, shoulder sleeve and thread seam. In terms of decoration, lace, rope binding, leather inlay, embroidery, splicing and collage integrate the aesthetic interests of different regions and are full of exotic flavor. 3 Increasingly diverse styles: colored jeans, irresistible temptation. The dazzling color cowboy will become the new color now. The bold red, attractive pink and more unique New York gray from Tokyo, Japan, as well as the yellow on the streets of Hong Kong, the pink cowboy series will be very eye-catching. A loose cowboy came on stage. In the rich and colorful sports world, jeans are favored by people. At the same time, the exaggerated loose jeans are on the stage again.This category of clothing includes slacks, Bermuda style loose shorts, oversized sweatshirts, brightly patterned shirts and loose sports jackets. The sales of these sportswear for sports and sweatshirts and trousers for recreation have increased significantly in recent years, while the sales of suits for general formal occasions have shown a downward trend. Especially in the men's wear market, the sales of sportswear has accounted for a considerable proportion. Manufacturers and retailers believe that this kind of clothing has great potential. At the same time, denim remains popular in the American market, and denim is still popular and prosperous.The United States is the country with the largest consumption of denim in the world. In recent years, due to special fabrics and changes in dyeing and finishing, denim has been popular for a long time; Become the darling of clothing in the international market. In addition to stone washed and pickled denim still being welcomed by consumers, two-color denim and over dyed denim also began to enter the market and join the popular ranks.This autumn, the popular trend of color is different from that of bleaching and pickling last year. The change in color will shift to emphasis on darker stone washed and washed white denim, such as indigo. Denim is expected to reach the peak of fashion in the middle of this year.
Appearance Quality and Physical Indexes of Denim
Appearance Quality and Physical Indexes of Denim
The quality inspection of denim manufacturers is generally carried out twice. The first is the preliminary inspection. Check the denim grey cloth falling from the loom one by one. During the gun inspection, the major defects rated as 4 points on the cloth surface shall be marked on the cloth edge t. For identification during product inspection and rating. Due to some defects of denim, shrinkage can not be revealed without singeing. Therefore, the general initial face does not grade the quality of denim. Denim is a kind of fabric that cannot be repaired. In the process of preliminary inspection, most factories repair some small defects, such as sundries, weavers and elastic warp, and turn the knot floating on the cloth surface to the bottom with cloth repair pliers to remove the fried tail, residual yarn and floating dust on the cloth surface. There is another task in the preliminary inspection. The sail is to find continuity defects. The cowboy fabric shall be reported to the weaving workshop in the quickest way. It shall be handled in time. It shall be attached to prevent the continuous weaving class from continuing.The second time is the re inspection, which is the final inspection, grading and packaging of the finished denim. During silk inspection, the defects on the cloth surface shall be scored according to Levis scoring specification. If the defect score per square code does not exceed 40 points, it will be rated as grade ^ and if the defect score exceeds 40 points, it will be rated as grade B. A major defect rated as 4 points on the cloth. Mark the edge of the cloth so that the garment factory can significantly identify it when cutting. There is no explicit requirement for the number of weft defects that are rated as 4 points for all strokes, such as thick and thin weft, driving marks, thin and dense roads, etc. generally, it is not allowed to exceed four per hundred yards. Some factories with high production level have no more than two defects with 4 points of full radiation evaluation.It is difficult to achieve the same color in the dry vat for the leisure blue dyeing of denim. Therefore, denim is strictly separated in water. Each rolled denim must be colored according to the color plate to determine the color number. In order to R avoid the difference of color resolution, the color matching shall be carried out by professional color matching workers under the standard light tan box. In factories with better dyeing process control, Yise is only divided into three grades. In order to keep the color of denim from leaving the factory for a long time, we should manage the color palette for color matching. The color board shall be sealed and stored in a place with weak light. The color plate used for color matching shall be replaced once a week to remotely prevent the color plate from changing color in air and light. Some denim manufacturers with strict color management not only classify the surface color of the denim products, but also sew the cloth samples of each roll of cloth into hundreds of clothes to check whether the background color is common.If it is found that the outside and inside are different, it shall be adjusted in time to ensure that the denim of the same color number and the Lin color of the outside and inside are completely the same. Before shipment, take out the small cloth samples left in the cloth meeting, sew them into Baijia clothes for deep washing, and adjust them if it is found that the desired color after deep washing is different, so as to ensure that the same batch of denim delivered from the factory will not differ due to different production time or different production cylinder number.The appearance quality and physical indexes of denim are also sampled and inspected in the process of face restoration. In addition to the width of the denim cloth, the mountain reinspector shall measure each shrunken winding unit one by one. Others refer to shrinkage, weft slope, warp and weft density, cloth weight, cracking strength, breaking strength, color fastness, etc., which shall be sampled and inspected by the quality department in batches to determine the ex factory grade of this batch of cloth.
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